Back pain is one of the most widespread conditions reported by patients. Two out of every three people have problems with back pain, the most frequent type being a disc ailment. This arises where the spine and its vertebrae become twisted or bent forwards allowing the back of the joint to open. This lets a disc bulge backwards, giving pressure for the nerve behind it as it emerges from the spinal cord. It is this which brings about inflammation and physical pain.
The most common way for individuals to receive this type of injury is from the incorrect lifting of heavy loads. However, simply just bending awkwardly or prolonged stooping can cause problems for the back. This illustrates the need to implement safe gardening and lifting techniques.
Sciatica, (Latin for ‘pain down the back of the leg’), is commonly brought about by by trapping the sciatic nerve in the lower back. It is actually a pretty common kind of back pain. The pain from sciatica can be acute and incapacitating although this is not always the case and on the plus side physiotherapists can do something about it.
Alleviating Back Pain
By understanding how techniques can affect and change the mechanics of the spinal column, back pain can be alleviated. Practitioners can treat it using a wide variety of methods, one of which is the Mackenzie Exercise Regime. The Regime helps to educate patients how to react when they first become conscious that their back is having problems. Usually some simple stretching exercises and a special type of ‘push up’ helps to adjust the mechanics of the back and assists with moving the discs back into the right position.
Another technique used by physiotherapists is connective tissue manipulation (CTM). It works because the movement of the tissues by the therapist creates a short, sharp, nervous stretch response that creates an impulse which spreads throughout the connective tissue. The person’s brain will translate the impulse as if it were a scratch to the skin. The reflex itself is a tiny impulse that passes through the liquid in the connective tissue and releases tension. This reduction in tension around the blood vessel walls permits more blood to flow into the damaged area, thus decreasing inflammation. Softening the connective tissue permits more movement to occur without irritation and discomfort for the patient.
Should you suffer back problems, it is a good plan to visit your local physio to see what they are capable of doing for you. A local physio can be found using a geographical search term in Google such as ‘London physiotherapist‘.