Capsicum Frutescens plant is a type of chili. This plant originates from South America, but now cultivated in many countries worldwide. Plant lives a short time and has a red fruit.
As experts say , Cayenne or Capsicum derives its name from the Greek word “bite”, thanks to the properties of hot spicy fruit and seeds. According to historians, cayenne pepper was imported to the UK from India in the mid 16th century. Around this time, it is mentioned that the plant is cultivated in the country. Swedish naturalist and physician Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778) has classified and described this plant called Capsicum Frutescens itself. The famous English botanist of Scottish descent Philip Miller (1691 – 1771), who is the author of The Gardener’s and Florists Dictionary (1724 ), also included this plant in his directory.
Plant Capsicum Frutescens has other common names: Aji Dulce, Cayenne, Cayenne pepper, chilli, Chabai Achong, FilFil, Hungarian pepper, Kirmizi Biber, La Chiao, Mexican Chili, paprika, pepper, Piment Doux, Pimiento, red pepper, sweet pepper, Capsicum Frutescens.
Botany believed that the Capsicum Frutescens plant comes from South America. According to scientists, the plant is a native of the tropics, but the original habitat is unclear. Currently Capsicum Frutescens has a wide range of cultivation. Countries: China; Dominican Republic; Europe; Gabon; Haiti; Hawaii; India; Iraq; Malagasy; Shallow; Mexico; Mongolia; Panama; the Philippines; Samoa; Spain; Tonga; Trinidad; Turkey; USA.
Fruit Capsicum Frutescens measure up to 7.5 cm long and 1 cm wide. Fruit used in food raw or cooked. Capsicum Frutescens fruits have a very hot and is commonly used as a seasoning for food. The fruits may be dried and pulverized into powder for use as a spice.
Capsicum Frutescens fruits contain 0.1 – 1.5% capsaicin. According to scientists, this substance stimulates blood circulation and changes in body temperature regulation. When applied to the skin of capsaicin desensitizes the nerve endings and so was used as a topical anesthetic. Seed Capsicum Frutescens contains capsicidins. They are believed to experts antibiotic properties.
According to specialists, fruit Capsicum Frutescens also have functions antihemorrhoidal, antirheumatic, antiseptic, carminative, diaphoretic, digestive, sialagogue and stomach.
These sharp pepper fruit as an important tropical gastrointestinal detoxicants and food preservatives.
Dried Capsicum Frutescens is a potent stimulator of local, not a narcotic effect, it is the most useful product in the intestines and stomach atony. Capsicum Frutescens proved effective in dilating the blood vessels and thus relieving chronic congestion in people addicted to drink. It is sometimes used as a tonic and is said to be unequaled in warding off disease (probably due to the high vitamin C content) .
Capsicum Frutescens widely used externally, it is a strong rubefacient stimulating circulation, helping waste management and increase the flow of nutrients to the tissues. Applied as a poultice or liniment. Cayenne also relieves painful muscle spasms in the shoulder, arm , and spine areas , bursitis, shingles pain and the pain of diabetic neuropathy .