Guidelines in basic manicure and pedicure treatment
Set up the manicure equipment needed:
- A small bowl to soak the hands
- A small hand towel
- Cotton pads
- Antiseptic spray
- Nail polish remover
- Cuticle massage cream
- Cuticle remover
- Nail file orange stick
- Nail buffer
- Cuticle tools nail clippers
- Exfoliant, if necessary
- Base and top-coat nail polish
Most of this equipment is used in pedicure treatments, however, additional equipment includes:
- A large bowl to soak the feet
- A pedicure paddle
- A bath towel for use as a mat
- A bath towel to dry the feet
Before beginning the pedicure, it is important to determine the preferred nail shape
with the client.
- Remove polish if required
- Clip and file the nails
- Apply cuticle cream – this helps hydrate and nourish the cuticle
- Soak the hands and feet
- Apply cuticle remover – this will remove any dead skin around the nail
- Gently push cuticles back
- Buff the nails – this will remove any discoloration and help smooth out ridges
In the pedicure treatment, the pedicure paddle is used to remove any excess skin.
- Apply the exfoliant – a sugar or salt scrub are extremely beneficial leaving the hands and feet soft and rejuvenated.
- Apply lotion cream and massage hands and feet for about five minutes until moisturizer is absorbed
- Remove any excess oil from the nail plate and begin to paint
- A base coat is essential as this prevents the nails from discoloring
- Choose a colour that best suits the client
- Apply two coats – this gives a better coverage
- Apply top coat – this makes the nails shiny and makes the polish stay on longer.
Before beginning the manicure, keep in mind the shape of the hands, length of the
fingers and shape of the cuticles, and the occupation of the client.
- The rectangular or square nail should extend slightly past the tip of the finger, rounding the sides to smooth sharp edges. Clients who work with their hands or at a computer keyboard will need shorter, square nails.
- The round nail should be slightly tapered and extend just beyond the tip of the finger. Men tend to have round nails because it gives a more natural look.
- The oval nail is an attractive shape for most women’s hands. It is a square shape which is then slightly rounded at the corners. Clients who have their hands on display such as business and sale people and teachers may want longer, oval-shape nails
- The pointed nail suits thin hands with narrow nail beds. The nail is usually longer to enhance the appearance of the hand. However, these nails can be weak and can break easily.