Gastric bypass is a blessing for those who have tried dieting, medication and everything else for weight reduction. This option is taken up by 150,000 obese people every year. Gastric bypass reports over 1,000,000 weight loss success stories.
You have probably heard about the gastric bypass procedure.
The oldest type of gastric bypass and still the most common is stomach stapling. In this procedure, almost 95 percent of the stomach is sliced off and then stapled shut. After the stapling, just a small pouch remains to hold food.
Since the stomach is made smaller, the person cannot eat as much food – that is, in terms of the volume of food. It takes comparatively lesser food to feel full.
How much less? Normally, the volume of the stomach accommodates only the amount of food you can put on a coffee saucer. People who have undergone a gastric bypass cannot, at least for one year following surgery, eat more than two quarter-cup servings of two different foods at any meal. Restricting the calorie intake leads to losing pounds.
A more recent and now more common form of gastric bypass, the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, limits the amount of food you can eat just like stomach stapling, but it also reduces the absorption of fat.
In this type of gastric bypass the stomach is cut and sutured to form a small pouch. The intestines are then moved so that the end of the stomach is attached to the lower part of the small intestine.
After this kind of gastric bypass, the stomach is smaller and fills more quickly. There’s also less intestine to absorb the fats (and other nutrients too) from the smaller amounts of food that are eaten.
You don’t minimize food intake. You also absorb less of the food you actually eat. The Roux-en-Y gastric bypass shows faster and more significant weight loss than simply stapling or banding the stomach.
But there are some special advantages in the third form of gastric bypass, the lap band.
Lap band surgery is usually a minor surgery. This procedure installs the lap band by laparoscopy, that is, it is done through an incision as small as one inch (2.5 cm) wide.
A lap band gastric bypass can even be an outpatient procedure. You can go home the same day, get back to work in three days, and resume all your normal activities (except eating) within one week of the procedure. Compare that to the four days in the hospital and six to eight weeks to resume normal activities that other procedures demand.
The disadvantage of the lap band bypass is that it demands more discipline from you to be successful. If you overeat after you have a lap band in place, the effect is somewhat little like pulling a napkin through a napkin ring. Too much food may stretch the band and damage the stomach.
No form of gastric bypass can offer a complete cure for obesity. A lifetime of dieting and exercise are still necessary. But a successful gastric bypass can give you the boost you need to regain control of your life and hence become truly, lastingly, healthily thin.