What is Parathyroid?
The parathyroid glands are small glands in the endocrine system lying near the thyroid gland in the neck area. There are four parathyroid glands that are normally having the size of a single rice grain. In some normal cases, they can be as big as the size of a pea.
The parathyroid gland acts as a controller as it controls calcium levels in the body. This means that this endocrine gland controls how much calcium can be absorbed in the bones and how much calcium are released in the bloodstream. It should be understood that calcium is one important element needed by the body for its function. With this, calcium needs to be regulated carefully and parathyroid gland is responsible for it.
How it works?
The parathyroid gland can perform its function, which is regulating the amount of calcium in the body, by secreting one important hormone called the parathyroid hormone in the bloodstream. When the body’s calcium level is low, the parathyroid releases more hormones. On the other hand, when there is a high level of calcium, the parathyroid decreases the amount of hormones to be secreted.
However, one should understand that as soon as the parathyroid releases its parathyroid hormones, the bones in the body also tend to release some of its calcium content. With this, too much parathyroid activity in a long time can led to some major bone problems like weakening of the bones and osteoporosis.
Hyperparathyroidism and its symptoms
One condition that affects the parathyroid’s functions is the hyperparathyroidism. Hyperparathyroidism is a disorder where one or more of the parathyroid glands develops into a tumour and in effect causes abnormalities by releasing excessive parathyroid hormones regardless of the calcium level. With this, the affected parathyroid gland is aid to lose its inhibitions and controls.
Some symptoms of this disorder include loss of energy in doing usual routine, los of concentration, onset of osteoporosis and swelling of the bones, difficultly in sleeping, gastric problems, kidney stones and high blood pressure.
There are available conventional methods that may address one’s problem in hyperparathyroidism. Some of which are drug therapy, radioactive iodine therapy and even surgery. However, one should also take into account the importance of healthy eating to prevent the onset of these diseases.
One should monitor one’s calcium and vitamin D intake. This will somehow help replenish the body’s supply of calcium, causing the parathyroid to stop releasing its hormone. Food like dark green leafy vegetables like spinach and kale, beans, almonds can be eaten. More importantly, consult a physician for professional advice about parathyroid and its diseases.
Thyroid FAQ & Links to Related Articles
|There are four parathyroid glands that are normally having the size of a single rice grain. In some normal cases, they can be as big as the size of a pea.|
|Also called underactive thyroid, hypothyroidism is a disorder that is characterized by abnormal level of thyroid hormones in the body, which is too low.|
|The thyroid is a butterfly (pear)-shaped gland, it consists of 2 symmetrical lobes joined by a central isthmus that normally covers the 2nd & 3rd tracheal rings.|
|Congenital hypothyroidism is a thyroid gland disorder that may lead to deafness or mental retardation if left undetected.|
|Hypothyroidism can cause depression. Most people don?t realize that this feeling is depression caused by the thyroid gland not functioning as it should.|
|Papillary thyroid cancer is one of the thyroid cancer types. This type of thyroid cancer arises from the follicles in the thyroid gland.|
|The thyroid gland is located immediately below the larynx on each side of and anterior to the trachea. It is one of the largest of the endocrine glands|
|These thyroid hormones are responsible in regulating the body?s metabolism, which is how much food will be broken down into useful energy for consumption.|
|When the thyroid gland produces too much thyroid hormone, one may suffer from hyperthyroidism.|
|The thyroid stimulating hormone is produced by the pituitary gland. The thyroid stimulating hormone promotes the growth of the thyroid gland.|
|Thyroid hormones are chemical substances produced by the thyroid gland. The thyroid gland is located in the front of the neck.|
|Natural thyroid supplements are helpful as a remedy to thyroid disorders. Its natural ingredients assure one of its safeties in taking it.|
|The thyroid gland is an endocrine gland that is the primary responsible in regulating the body?s metabolism.|
|Thyroid surgery is used to treat people with thyroid problems such as thyroid cancer, thyroid nodules and hyperthyroidism.|
|Thyroid tests or thyroid function tests are done to check the thyroid function in one?s body. A doctor will be able to determine and diagnose the thyroid disorder.|
|Treatment for thyroid disorders should be done to prevent unwanted results caused by the severity of the condition. Consult a physician for more of these treatments.|
|Thyroidectomy is a surgical process wherein the whole or a part of the thyroid gland is removed. This surgical process is used to treat thyroid disorders.|
|Having an underactive thyroid is a minor problem but it seeks proper attention to avoid further health problems. Consult a physician about any thyroid problem.|
|Low thyroid, also known as hypothyroidism, is a condition where the thyroid gland is under active.|
|Following a healthy meal plan, exercise and proper medication goes hand in hand to treat hypothyroidism. Consult a physician for a more individualized plan.|
|Each thyroid cancer treatment depends on the type of thyroid cancer and the extent or stage of the thyroid cancer one is suffering from.|
|Parathyroid hormones are considered to be the most important endocrine regulator. It basically regulates the calcium and phosphorus concentration in the body.|
|Studies show that since 1925, the standard treatment for parathyroid disease is to surgically remove the parathyroid gland(s) which are overproducing parathyroid hormones.|
|Parathyroid adenoma is a small tumor of the parathyroid gland and is known to be the most common disorder of the gland.|
|Medullary thyroid cancer is one of the types of thyroid cancer. This type of thyroid cancer is more common in women than in men.|
|Most people don?t feel any symptoms. Others can just lose weight and just feel depressed for no reason at all.|
|Suppose you go in for a routine checkup and your doctor decides to test your thyroid function. You?ve experienced no thyroid disease symptoms|
|Hypothyroidism develops for over a long period of time. It?s normally from several months to even several years.|
|People who are suffering from hypothyroidism are advised to get plenty of exercise and have a balanced and healthy diet. The diet must be rich in protein and iodine.|
|Self medicating one?s thyroid disorder with hypothyroidism diet pills without proper information of the diet pill does not address the problem.|
|Hyperthyroidism is when the thyroid gland is overactive and produces too much thyroid hormones more than the body needs.|
|Hypothyroidism is one of the chronic diseases in the world. Hypothyroidism is also known as underactive thyroid; hypo means under or below normal.|
|Anaplastic thyroid cancer is a type of thyroid cancer that is rare and aggressive. It affects the thyroid gland and most especially its function.|
|Problems arise if the thyroid gland is overactive or underactive. There are three common thyroid disorders. These are hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism and the thyroid nodules.|
|Hair loss may happen for so many reasons but it is commonly associated to thyroid problems such as hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism.|
|Thyroid Function Tests are the different tests conducted to assess and determine the cause of an individual?s thyroid problems.|