How Is The Prostate Screened? – The PSA Test
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How Is The Prostate Screened? – The PSA Test

Blood tests for prostate cancer screen for PSA (prostate specific antigen) a protein that is created by normal and cancerous cells in the prostate. Usually a high level of PSA can indicate the presence of cancer. You may be require to have a urine test performed first as a urinary tract infection may influence your test results.

You should wait until at least a month after you have finished your treatment for a UTI before you have on-demand lab tests and blood work done to check your PSA levels. A quick Google search led us to HealthTestingCenters.com, where you can have on-demand tests performed for prostate cancers.

It may be difficult to define what a normal reading is as results vary dramatically between men. Men under the age of 60 should expect a reading of 3 ng / ml or less. Men between 60 and 69 should expect a reading of 4 ng / ml or less and men over the age of 70 should be measuring 5 ng / ml or less. A reading of over 5 ng /ml but less than 10 ng / ml can be a sign of an enlarged prostate, which is a benign condition. A result of over 10 ng / ml may also indicate prostate disease but generally, the higher the reading the more likely it is to be cancer.

It is also possible for a man to have prostate cancer and still have a reading within the normal range, some men’s PSA levels come in at hundreds or thousands when they are diagnosed with prostate cancer.

The PSA test can be used to evaluate how effective a treatment course is or if you need to consider further treatment. A stable PSA level while you are undergoing treatment will indicate that your cancer is not spreading or growing.

Your doctor will also perform a digital rectal exam (DRE), by inspecting your rectum and feeling for any abnormalities in the prostate, to see if it is hard, lumpy or enlarged. A rectal ultrasound can also be performed to get a visual of the prostate.

If your doctor feels hardening of the prostate or a lump during the digital rectal exam he will probably perform a needle biopsy. It can be performed using a trans-rectal ultrasound scanner, during a cystoscopy exam or through the skin of your perineum. You will be given antibiotics after the biopsy to prevent an infection from occurring.

A rare kind of test is the IVU or intravenous pyelogram (IVP), which is performed if you are having problems urinating or your doctor thinks you may have a kidney problem or a blockage. The test can pick up abnormalities in the urinary tract and kidneys and may be performed in conjunction with other on-demand lab tests and blood work.

How Is The Prostate Screened? – The PSA Test
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