Maintaining a healthy weight and balanced blood glucose levels are vital for those with diabetes. A healthy body mass index for adults is between 18.5 and 24.9. For children, the BMI should be between the 5th and the 85th percentile.
The negative effects of diabetes are amplified when the blood glucose levels are off kilter. Being overweight, consuming the wrong foods, and exercising too much or too little may cause hyperglycemia, a blood sugar spike or hypoglycemia, a blood sugar drop.
Food regulation and exercise are two vital elements in managing diabetes and avoiding the need for insulin. When a person is at a healthy weight, the body is able to utilize sugars without the aid of insulin, which breaks sugar down into energy. Weight loss often means that the diabetic can go off insulin.
Diabetics should strive to eat foods that are low in fat, salt and sugar but high in fiber. In addition, eat complex carbohydrates like whole grain or multigrain breads, cereals and pastas, as well as fruits and vegetables.
Also, choose protein rich foods such as chicken and fish. Limit your intake of foods that contain an abundance of fat including meats, dairy products, dressings and oils. Avoid table sugar, processed foods and fried foods, which are high in simple carbohydrates.
Skipping meals will cause blood sugar levels to plummet. Therefore, try to eat around the same time each day. Do not exercise when the blood sugar is low, so have a small snack before exercising.